Philosopher, historian, sociologist, economist, current affairs journalist, and editor, Marx's best-known titles are the pamphlet, The Communist Manifesto, and the three-volume Das Kapital.
"History repeats itself, first as tragedy, second as farce."
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A new exploration of Karl Marx's life through his intellectual contributions to modern thought
Karl Marx (1818–1883)—philosopher, historian, sociologist, economist, current affairs journalist, and editor—was one of the most influential and revolutionary thinkers of modern history, but he is rarely thought of as a Jewish thinker, and his Jewish background is either overlooked or misrepresented. Here, distinguished scholar Shlomo Avineri argues that Marx’s Jewish origins did leave a significant impression on his work. Marx was born in Trier, then part of Prussia, and his family had enjoyed equal rights and emancipation under earlier French control of the area. But then its annexation to Prussia deprived the Jewish population of its equal rights. These developments led to the reluctant conversion of Marx’s father, and similar tribulations radicalized many young intellectuals of that time who came from a Jewish background.
Avineri puts Marx’s Jewish background in its proper and balanced perspective, and traces Marx’s intellectual development in light of the historical, intellectual, and political contexts in which he lived.
"Besides being approachably succinct, Avineri’s sympathetic account is distinguished by its appearance in the highly regarded Jewish Lives series." —James Miller, The New York Times
"And here lies the central strength of this short biography: It tells us what Marx actually wrote." —Jonathan Rose, The Wall Street Journal
“Shlomo Avineri has written a wonderfully perceptive and nuanced biography of Karl Marx--paying all due attention (but no more than that) to Jewish interests, Marx's and ours. His book is both intellectually and politically engaging--and a pleasure to read.” —Michael Walzer, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ
About the Author
Shlomo Avineri is professor emeritus of political science at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and a member of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities. A leading Israeli political scientist, he is the author of The Social and Political Thought of Karl Marx and The Making of Modern Zionism.
Author Photograph © Hebrew University
Franz Kafka was the poet of his own disorder. Throughout his life he struggled with a pervasive sense of shame and guilt that left traces in his daily existence—in his many letters, in his extensive diaries, and especially in his fiction.
"The meaning of life is that it stops."
June is LGBT Pride Month.
Watch a 1978 NBC News report introducing viewers to the newly elected and openly gay San Francisco official Harvey Milk, and learn more with Jewish Lives.
No figure looms larger in Jewish culture than Moses, and few have stories more enigmatic. Who was Moses? Orphan. Prince. Fugitive. Shepherd. Negotiator. Leader. But he never made it to the Promised Land.
"Let my people go"
Spring is here and love is in the air.
Watch Barbra Streisand sing a stunning duet with Judy Garland during an episode of "The Judy Garland Show," and learn more about Streisand's iconic career with Jewish Lives.
Served twice as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and played a central role in the creation of the modern Conservative Party. He is widely celebrated for his role in Jewish history but is the perception of him as a Jewish hero accurate?
"There are three kinds of lies: lies, damned lies, and statistics."
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Explore the life of the revolutionary American photographer ripe for rediscovery as a photographer and champion of other artists
Alfred Stieglitz (1864–1946) was an enormously influential artist and nurturer of artists even though his accomplishments are often overshadowed by his role as Georgia O’Keeffe’s husband. This new book from celebrated biographer Phyllis Rose reconsiders Stieglitz as a revolutionary force in the history of American art.
Born in New Jersey, Stieglitz at age eighteen went to study in Germany, where his father, a wool merchant and painter, insisted he would get a proper education. After returning to America, he became one of the first American photographers to achieve international fame. By the time he was sixty, he gave up photography and devoted himself to selling and promoting art. His first gallery, 291, was the first American gallery to show works by Picasso, Rodin, Matisse, and other great European modernists. His galleries were not dealerships so much as open universities, where he introduced European modern art to Americans and nurtured an appreciation of American art among American artists.
"There is no pure white or black in photography: a great photograph captures the nuances of light and shadow that underlie perception. That is exactly what Phyllis Rose's biography of Alfred Stieglitz does. And no biographer has a sharper sense of focus for the competing narratives that underlie a marriage. This double portrait of Stieglitz and O'Keeffe is the work of a master.” —Judith Thurman, author of Secrets of the Flesh: A Life of Colette and Isak Dinesen: The Life of a Storyteller
“Rose is consistently generous, knowledgeable . . .” —Christine Smallwood, The New Yorker
About the Author
Phyllis Rose is a literary critic and biographer. Her books include the acclaimed biography of Virginia Woolf, Woman of Letters, and her classic Parallel Lives: Five Victorian Marriages. She divides her time between New York City and Key West, FL.
Author photograph © Sigrid Estrada
Watch author Steven Nadler discuss the life and legacy of Menasseh ben Israel, filmed at the Park Avenue Synagogue in NYC.
This event is part of the Jewish Lives Book Club, a global reading group program where participants receive discounted books, free reading guides, and more.
Although his career as an influential photographer and art promoter is often overshadowed by his role as Georgia O’Keeffe’s husband, Stieglitz was a revolutionary force in the history of American art.
"Wherever there is light, one can photograph."
Watch an exquisite duet with Barbra Streisand and Judy Garland from a 1963 episode of “The Judy Garland Show," and learn more about Streisand's iconic career with Jewish Lives.
Buber’s philosophical and theological writings, most famously I and Thou, made significant contributions to religious and Jewish thought, philosophical anthropology, biblical studies, political theory, and Zionism.
"A person cannot approach the divine by reaching beyond the human. To become human, is what this individual person, has been created for."
Watch a clip from the Tribeca Film Festival documentary, in which Peggy Guggenheim is remembered for her success and sexuality. Learn more about her uncompromising life with Jewish Lives.
A celebrated American screenwriter best known for Scarface,Twentieth Century, and Notorious, Hecht emerged as an outspoken crusader for the imperiled Jews of Europe and later became a fierce propagandist for pre-1948 Palestine’s Jewish terrorist underground.
"Love is a hole in the heart."
An internationally celebrated conductor, a skilled pianist, and brilliant composer, Bernstein is best known as the music director of the New York Philharmonic and for his music for West Side Story.
"Music can name the unnameable and communicate the unknowable."
James Corden calls on Barbra Streisand for a ride to work. Hear Barbra sing classics as well as music from her new album, "Walls," and learn more about the Hollywood legend with Jewish Lives.