One of the three biblical patriarchs, Jacob occupies the Jewish imagination as a righteous trickster. His sons represent the 12 tribes of Israel, and he is best known for a series of renowned struggles with his brother Esau, with his father-in-law Laban, with an angel, with his wives, and with his own sons.
"And Jacob said to his father, I am Esau your firstborn." (Genesis 27:19)
Each month we'll ask a preeminent Jewish scholar 4 questions about the Jewish experience.
4 Questions with Anita Shapira
Anita Shapira is professor emerita at Tel Aviv University, where she previously served as dean of the Faculty of Humanities and held the Ruben Merenfeld Chair for the Study of Zionism. Her previous books include the Jewish Lives biography Ben-Gurion: Father of Modern Israel, and Israel: A History, winner of the National Jewish Book Award. Anita is the Israel Prize laureate of 2008, and she lives in Tel Aviv.
1. In your opinion, what is the defining feature of Jewish life today?
I would choose Jewish diversity, and the existence of two basic forms of Jewish lives: living in a Jewish state, and living in a liberal non-Jewish state.
2. What is your favorite Jewish book and why?
The Tanakh. It is the most interesting, influential, inspiring epic ever. There can hardly be Jewish culture without it.
3. What do you think Jewish life will look like in 100 years from now?
I don’t know. One thing I am sure about: it would not be one way of life, but many.
4. If you could meet any figure from Jewish history, who would it be and why?
King David: the most controversial, full of contradictions and flaws, and hence most modern and human person in the galaxy of Jewish figures.
We're thrilled to share with you a guest blog post by Robert Bank, President and CEO of the American Jewish World Service (AJWS), about how Harvey Milk’s legacy continues to inspire the Jewish commitment to justice.
Five Ways Harvey Milk Inspires My Work for Social Justice Today
By Robert Bank
It is difficult to imagine the contours of my life without the influence of one of my heroes: Harvey Milk, a social justice giant and the first openly gay elected official in California. I immigrated to the United States from South Africa in 1977, one year before Harvey’s assassination. As a young Jew who was just coming out as gay, I was deeply inspired by Harvey’s courage, confidence and secure sense of self as an ‘out-and-proud’ gay Jewish man, unafraid to speak truth to power.
These powerful connections with Harvey’s life story came back to me in recent weeks while reading a new and very engaging biography of Harvey Milk by Lillian Faderman. Her book thoughtfully explores Harvey’s life, legacy and activism in relation to his “otherness” as a gay Jew.
Today, Harvey’s legacy is palpably alive in my work. As President and CEO of American Jewish World Service—a global human rights organization inspired by the Jewish commitment to justice, I have the good fortune to meet and work with advocates for LGBTI rights in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean. When I meet these and other brave advocates we support, I often think about what it takes to make an enduring difference for people who are silenced or rendered invisible. What must we do to ensure that people are treated with dignity? How can we work with others who may not see eye-to-eye with us on every matter? When we face unexpected setbacks, how can we lead with resilience?
Here are five lessons that Harvey taught me about leading for a better world, which still inspire me every day.
1. Be authentic. Be yourself.
In the 1940s, ‘50s and ‘60s, when anti-Semitism still held sway over many institutions and communities in the United States, and when many American Jews muted their religious and cultural identities to protect themselves, Harvey proclaimed his Jewishness with pride. Similarly, he knew that ending homophobia would happen only when gay people dared to live openly. “I know that it is hard and will hurt,” he acknowledged, “But come out to your relatives, friends, neighbors, and fellow workers; to the people who work where you eat and shop... Once and for all, break down the myths, destroy the lies and distortions.” In my work with LGBT rights activists in the developing world, I know that living openly requires tremendous courage —often at great risk to the safety of those who are open about who they are and whom they love. But I have learned from Harvey—and from brave activists in Uganda, Haiti, Thailand and elsewhere—that change is only possible if we live our own truths.
2. Take risks.
When Harvey first ran for the San Francisco Board of Supervisors, he was the owner of a camera shop and had no experience in local politics. And yet, he cared about human rights, recognized the injustices in his community, and wanted to help people who were suffering. I have long admired that Harvey leapt into the unknown world of political campaigns, lost several elections, and kept trying until he finally won. In today’s struggles for human rights here and around the world, barriers to progress often feel insurmountable. But I have learned from Harvey and many other advocates that we don’t know what we can achieve until we give it our all.
3. Build relationships across lines of difference.
Throughout his political career, Harvey championed many progressive causes. In doing so, he built a constituency that was broader than the gay community, which generated support for LGBT people and other minorities whose interests were often ignored. He frequently held meetings and rallies with people who were considered “outsiders,” including the poor, the elderly, and people of color. Faderman writes, “He had a knack for making whomever he was talking with feel like they had 100 percent of his attention… that whatever they had to say was the most interesting thing Harvey could possibly be listening to.” I continue to be inspired by how Harvey sought to liberate everyone, not just LGBT people, from oppression. And I strive to emulate his practice of deep listening when building relationships with people whose identities are different from my own.
4. Understand history.
When police in San Francisco were violently harassing gay men in the 1970s, Harvey wrote an open letter to the City of San Francisco Hall of Justice, a Superior Court in California, using a trope that would become central to his future writings and speeches. He argued that ignoring police brutality against gay men in San Francisco at that time was dangerously similar to ignoring Nazi brutality against Jews in Germany in the 1930s. He argued that even San Franciscans who disdained LGBT people needed to oppose police brutality because if they didn’t, they would “one day find that they, too, are becoming victims of a police state.” For me, as a Jew who grew up in apartheid South Africa and whose family members battled racisim, I greatly admire how Harvey, like my relatives, understood the lessons of Jewish history to advocate for others who experienced discrimination and state-sanctioned violence in a very different context.
5. Spread hope.
“I know that you cannot live on hope alone, but without it, life is not worth living,” Harvey declared to a crowd during one of his political speeches. “You, and you, and you, and you—you have to give people hope.” While uttering these words, he pointed to multiple people in the audience to convey that each and every person has a responsibility to shape a better future. Many of the LGBTI and human rights activists my colleagues and I support in the developing world today have been victims of horrific brutality, political conflicts, and disasters. And yet, they remain hopeful and continue to work for justice against unfavorable odds, reminding me that if we persevere, we will change people’s lives for the better. Harvey’s unwavering optimism is a key ingredient for building a world we can all be proud of.
I am committed to honoring Harvey’s legacy each and every day in my work for justice and human rights. My own life, and the lives of countless others, have been immeasurably enriched by Harvey’s courage. May his memory continue to be an inspiration to us and generations to come to fight for the dignity and rights of every person.
Robert Bank is the President and CEO of American Jewish World Service. Inspired by the Jewish commitment to justice, American Jewish World Service (AJWS) works to realize human rights and end poverty in the developing world. Learn more at www.ajws.org.
May is Jewish American Heritage month, and we're celebrating the exceptional lives of Jewish Americans! Get FREE SHIPPING on all Jewish Lives books + collections, only at JewishLives.org.
Watch the cast of the Manhattan Theater Club production of Lillian Hellman's Little Foxes explore the play's characters and the brutal ways they clashed.
Learn more about the audacious playwright Lillian Hellman and her theatrical legacy with Jewish Lives.
Hear from Jewish Lives series editor and author Anita Shapira, Jewish Lives author Ambassador Itamar Rabinovich, Nicole Krauss, Elliott Abrams, and more at a day-long conference on Sunday, June 10th, featuring discussions about Israeli society and politics as well as relations between Israel, America, and the Jewish diaspora. Learn more about this event at cjh.org/israelat70.
Rosenwald rose to meteoric wealth at the helm of Sears, Roebuck. Yet his most important legacy is the pioneering changes he introduced to the practice of philanthropy.
"Do not be fooled into believing that because a man is rich he is necessarily smart. There is ample proof to the contrary."
Own a baseball fan's dream glove with Hank Greenberg art by Sean Kane, and learn more about the legendary Hebrew Hammer with Jewish Lives.
"Come Yom Kippur - holy fast day wide-world over to the Jew,
And Hank Greenberg to his teaching and the old tradition true...
We shall miss him in the infield and shall miss him at the bat,
But he's true to his religion - and / honor him for that!"
"Harvey Milk as seen through fresh, highly knowledgeable eyes." —Kirkus Reviews, Starred Review
Pre-order your copy of the latest addition to the award-winning Jewish Lives series, Harvey Milk: His Lives and Death by distinguished LGBT scholar Lillian Faderman.
April 24, 1942 - Present
Best Known As
Brooklyn born singer, songwriter, actress, and filmmaker who has become a cultural icon. To achieve her success, Streisand had to overcome tremendous odds, not the least of which was her Jewishness.
"I think of myself as a girl from Brooklyn."
The commonly held view of Albert Einstein is of an eccentric genius for whom the pursuit of science was everything. But in actuality, the brilliant innovator was a man of his times, always politically engaged and driven by strong moral principles.
Learn more about the scientific superstar in the Jewish Lives biography, Einstein: His Space and Times.
Watch Jewish Lives author Ambassador Itamar Rabinovich explore the life, death, and legacy of Yitzhak Rabin, and learn more about the first native-born Israeli Prime Minister with Jewish Lives.
This lecture series is part of the Jewish Lives Book Club, in partnership with the Park Avenue Synagogue and communities across the U.S.
Best Known For
Glamorous American dramatist and screenwriter known for her success as a playwright on Broadway, as well as her left-wing sympathies and political activism.
"I cannot and will not cut my conscience to fit this year's fashions."
Hear from Ambassador Itamar Rabinovich, author of Yitzhak Rabin: Soldier, Leader, Statesman, during a free livestreaming author event on Thursday, March 15 at 7:00 p.m. EST.
"I want to thank Itamar for writing this book...It's amazing that so much ground could be covered in so few pages." — President Bill Clinton
Watch Barbra Streisand perform a magical rendition of "Pure Imagination," the hit song from the 1971 film Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory. Learn more about the celebrated performer with Jewish Lives.
Best Known For
The “German Socrates,” Moses Mendelssohn was the most influential Jewish thinker of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
"Divine religion...does not prod men with an iron rod; it guides them with bands of love.”